the relationship between environmental change and human well-being, as well as their in understanding and assessing the impact of environmental change on the well-being health (UN ), the natural environment (Dasgupta For sustainable development to be achieved, links between the environment and It includes access to natural and other resources, and freedom from violence, Consequently, the impact of the environment on human well being is seen. Natural environments affect human health and well-being both directly and indirectly. Chronic stress, physical inactivity, and lack of social cohesion are three major risk exposure, which has direct neurobiological impact supporting cognitive development and stress resilience. Hide related linksShow related links.
Various populations depend on nature for basic material, such as fresh water, wood, fuel, and nutritious food. Biodiverse natural areas are also necessary for regulating the environment and for mitigating and adapting to climate change.
Links Between The Natural Environment, Human Wellbeing And Poverty - UNEP-WCMC
For example, tree canopy cover can reduce the urban heat island effect substantially, preventing excess morbidity during heat waves. This natural heat-reducing effect also lessens the need for air conditioning systems and as a consequence decreases energy spending. Urban trees also support storm-water management, preventing flooding and related health issues. Air pollution is a major threat to population health.
Urban trees sequester pollutants and, even though the effect may be relatively small, given the severity of the problem it may still have some public-health implications. The evidence around the effects of natural environments on health and well-being is steadily increasing. Several pathways and mechanisms are suggested, such as health services through functional ecosystems, early life exposure to biodiverse microbiota, which is important for the immune-system development, and sensory exposure, which has direct neurobiological impact supporting cognitive development and stress resilience.
Support for several pathways is at hand that shows lower mortality rates and prevalence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, healthier pregnancy outcomes, reduced health inequalities, and improved mental health in urban areas with greater amounts of green and blue space. Altogether, the interactions between healthy natural environments and healthy people are multiple and complex, and require interdisciplinary attention and action for full understanding and resilient development of both nature and human beings.Factors Effecting Environment- Population Growth - Impact of Population Growth -
Autonomy can be defined broadly as allowing people to make individual or collective choices. In other words, to know whether an individual is well requires considering his or her resources, subjective views, and the ability to choose and act. This concept of human well-being highlights the importance of understanding whether individuals are simply passive spectators of policy interventions, or, in fact, active agents of their own destiny.
Context of human well being The potential for individuals, communities and nations to make their own choices, and maximize opportunities to achieve security and good health, meet material needs and maintain social relations is affected by many interlinked factors, such as poverty, inequality and gender. It is important to note how these factors relate to each other, and to the environment.
You might be interested in an informative paper on human rights and climate change.
Human Well Being and The Environment | Global Greenhouse Warming
It implies a low level of well-being, with such outcomes as poor health, premature mortality and morbidity, and illiteracy. It is usually driven by inadequate control over resources, discrimination including by race or genderand lack of access to material assets, health care and education UN Inequality refers to the skewed distribution of an object of value, such as income, medical care or clean water, among individuals or groups.
Unequal access to environmental resources remains an important source of inequality among individuals. Equity is the idea that a social arrangement addresses equality in terms of something of value.
Distributive analysis is used to assess features of human well-being that are unequally distributed among individuals according to arbitrary factors, such as gender, age, religion and ethnicity.
When an analysis of this distribution focuses on its lower end, it refers to poverty. Mobility When seen in a dynamic perspective, inequality and poverty are better understood through the concepts of social mobility and vulnerability. Mobility relates to the ability of people to move from one social group, class or level to another.
Environmental degradation may be responsible for locking individuals within low mobility paths, limiting opportunities to improve their own well-being.
Links between the natural environment, human wellbeing and poverty
Vulnerability Vulnerability involves a combination of exposure and sensitivity to risk, and the inability to cope or adapt to environmental change. Most often, the poor are more vulnerable to environmental change.
- The Environment in Health and Well-Being
- Human Well Being and The Environment
Broad patterns of vulnerability to environmental and socio-economic changes can be identified so that policy-makers can respond, providing opportunities for reducing vulnerability, while protecting the environment.
Gender inequality An analysis of distributive impacts of the environment on human well-being cannot ignore features such as gender. Gender inequality is one of the most persistent inequalities in both developed and developing countries, with the majority of people living in poverty being women UNDP b. Women and girls often carry a disproportionate burden from environmental degradation compared to men. Understanding the position of women in society, and their relationship with the environment is essential for promoting development.
In many cases, women and girls assume greater responsibilities for environmental management, but have subordinate positions in decision making Braidotti and others Women need to be at the centre of policy responses Agarwal At the same time, it is important to avoid stereotyping these roles, and to base responses on the complexities of local realities Cleaver Women and girls bear the brunt of collecting fuelwood, tasks made harder by environmental degradation.
UNEP Fourth Global Environment Outlook — Christian Lambrechts Environmental change and human well-being One of the main findings of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is that the relationship between human well being and the natural environment is mediated by services provided by ecosystems.
Ecosystem services include provisioning services, such as food and water;regulating services, such as flood and disease control; cultural services, such as spiritual, recreational and cultural benefits; and supporting services, such as nutrient cycling that maintain the conditions for life on Earth. Changes to these services, as a result of changes in the environment, affect human well-being through impacts on security, basic material for a good life, health, and social and cultural relations MA